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Understanding Cervical Cancer: A Simple Guide

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that affects the cervix, the lower part of the uterus. It's crucial to grasp the basics to ensure early detection and effective prevention.


What is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer starts when abnormal cells grow in the cervix, often linked to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.


Types of Cervical Cancer:

There are two main types - squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. 90% cases detected are of squamous cell carcinoma type. It forms in the lining of your cervix.  

In case of adenocarcinoma, it occurs in the cells that produce mucus. 

The third is Mixed Carcinoma, which has features of both the above mentioned.

Understanding these helps doctors plan the right treatment.


Causes of Cervical Cancer:

 HPV infection is the primary cause. Other factors include a weak immune system, sexual transmission and long-term use of birth control pills.


Symptoms for Cervical Cancer:

Early stages may show no symptoms, making regular check-ups vital. As it progresses, symptoms include abnormal bleeding, unusual vaginal discharge that may be foul smelling, pain during sexual intercourse, or pelvic pain.


Treatment for Cervical Cancer:

 Treatment options vary. Surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy are common, depending on the cancer's stage and type.


Prevention of Cervical Cancer:

Regular screenings, HPV vaccinations, and safe sexual practices like use of condoms can significantly reduce the risk. Early detection through Pap tests is key. 

Cervical cancer awareness is essential. Regular screenings, knowing the symptoms, and adopting preventive measures empower individuals in the fight against cervical cancer. Stay informed, stay healthy.

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